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Monday, 28 August 2017

Causes, symptoms and prevention of osteoporosis in young mothers

Read to know why young mothers are at risk of osteoporosis and how to prevent it.

We are all aware that osteoporosis is common in older people. However, not many know that there has been a considerable rise in the number of young people being affected by it, including premenopausal women in their 20s, 30s and 40s. The term premenopausal refers to women who are still having regular menstrual periods and have not yet reached menopause. Even though it sounds highly unlikely, there have been cases with young women having low bone density, thereby increasing their chances of osteoporosis later in life. Dr Abhijit Kale, Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeon, S.L Raheja Hospital, Mumbai explains about the risk of osteoporosis in young mothers. Read about are you at risk of osteoporosis?
Why the risk of osteoporosis in young women?
Younger women who tend to restrict what they eat to lose weight are at a higher risk of osteoporosis and fractures. This also includes a pregnant woman as the baby growing in its mother’s womb needs plenty of calcium for bone health and development, especially in the first three months. In some cases, women do develop osteoporosis during pregnancy or breastfeeding, although it is rare. Also, in many of these cases, mothers who’ve lost bone mass recover the same after they stop breastfeeding. It is however ambiguous whether young mothers can recover lost bone mass and go on to optimize their bone mass.
Following are a few symptoms to keep in mind.
  • Back pain, caused by a fractured or collapsed vertebra
  • Loss of height over time
  • A stooped posture
  • A bone fracture that occurs much more easily than expected
  • A bone fracture that occurs much more easily than expected
Here are few tips you must follow to keep the bones healthy during pregnancy, breastfeeding and pre-menopause.
Calcium: The body’s demand for calcium during pregnancy increases immensely. The National Academy of Sciences recommends that women who are pregnant or breastfeeding should consume 1,000mg (milligrams) of calcium each day. For young mothers, the recommended intake is even higher: 1,300mg of calcium a day. Food rich in calcium such as low-fat dairy products, dark green, leafy vegetables, canned fish, tofu, almonds and foods fortified with calcium should often be consumed.
Exercise: Almost all doctors recommend exercising during pregnancy; however, it should be done under expert guidance. According to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, being active during pregnancy can help reduce backache, constipation, bloating, and swelling and prevent or treat gestational diabetes (a type of diabetes that starts during pregnancy). It also increases energy, improves mood, improves posture and helps you sleep better. It also promotes muscle tone, strength and endurance and helps you get back in shape after your baby is born. Here are 5 easy yoga poses to delay the onset of osteoporosis.
Healthy lifestyle: Smoking is stated to be bad for your health as well as your baby; it is also proven to be bad for heart, lungs and the bones. Alcohol also is bad for pregnant and breastfeeding women and their babies, and excess alcohol is bad for bones. So make sure you lead a healthy life to lower your risk of bone loss and osteoporosis during premenopausal years.
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